Cloud Dynamics

Latent heat released in clouds plays a major role in altering the regional as well as global circulations. At the same time, the background dynamics influences the formation of clouds. Thus, it is very important to investigate the role of clouds in influencing the background dynamics and vice versa.  Using space based active and passive remote sensing instruments as well as ground based Doppler Weather Radars, studies have been carried out to elucidate the structure and dynamics of precipitating as well as non-precipitating clouds. The role of large-scale dynamics in the formation of cloud types has also been investigated. The organization of convection and the distribution of cloud types in extreme weather events such as tropical cyclone are also been actively pursued in the branch. The following are the main focusing areas of this activity,

  1. Role of Atmospheric Dynamics in Three-Dimensional Distribution of Cloud Types in Various Weather Systems
  2. Organisation of Mesoscale Convective Systems
  3. Doppler weather Radar Observations of Precipitating clouds and Associated Dynamics
  4. Latent Heating in the Lower Atmosphere and their Role in Initiating  Large-/Regional-Scale Circulation